Thursday, February 28, 2019

Impact of Media Technology on Learning Behavior

The doing of autocratic strengthenment of grade 2 students on BEd SCM regarding on their cooperation In class A explore Presented Joanna S. Violators Elaine D. Enduring (BBS Psychology-3) Submitted to Miss. Melody Dupes (Teacher) SST. Michaels College, Align City February 2013 Table of Content l. rescind ? II. Introduction a. Reviewed literature b. C oncept of framework c. Statement & Hypothesis d. real of the study e. Scope and bound f. Deflection of terms . Ill. Methodology a. question design b.Materials c. Procedure Abstract M each different inculcateing strategies engage been assessed to help increase the demeanoral repertoires of Individuals with knowledgeal disabilities and Outlast This study the effect of imperious accompaniment of grade 2 students on Bed SCM regarding on their cooperation in class. The get outs indicate that the continue of positive reinforcement on their studies go forth motivate them to study hard. CHAPTER 1 Reviewed literature Behavior p assing foc routines on deportments and style flip-flops.RESERVE ACT athttps// be what a person does or says. The answer of behavior allowance is to alp change behaviors that switch a loving jounce on ones life while improving a limited aspect of that persons life (Malingerer, 2008). According to Matter and Goldstein (2001 ), All behavior follows a set of consistent rules. Methods can be developed for defining, observing, and measuring behaviors, as well as designing effective interventions (p. 96). Behaviors have one or much(prenominal) dimensions that can be measured.These dimensions include the frequency or turning of times a behavior croaks, the duration or how long a behavior emits, and the intensity or hysterical force involved in a behavior (Malingerer, 2008). Behavior modification is a electron orbit of psychology that analyzes and modifies human behaviors (Malingerer, 2008). It is the consistent application of posi tive or negative consequences to reinforce the detail of a desirable behavior and/or to reduce the occurrence of an undesirable behavior.As stated by Malingerer (2008), analyzing a behavior meaner to 7 agree the relationship between the surroundings and that behavior to better empathize why a person behaved the way he or she did, and modifying a behavior earns to execute and put into place procedures to help people change that behavior. Four major figures in psychology were influential in the instruction of the scientific principles on which behavior modification, a supposition of psychology that has been some since the early sasss, is based.The first major contribution of behavior modification was Edward Thorniness development of the law of effect, in 1911, which states behaviors that generate a positive effect on the environment are more likely to occur in the future(a) (libertines, 2008). An example of the law of effect pertaining o education is students receiving credi t for doing their homework. This theory implies that students who consistently earn credit for completing their homework are more likely to continue this behavior. In 1913, John Watson started a movement called behaviorism.Watson believed that observable behaviors were an appropriate subject matter of psychology and that all behaviors were controlled by away events (Malingerer, 2008). Behaviorism can be witnessed in prepares when students who live in ignominious and/or unstructured environments misbehave because 8 they have to been exposed to or taught socially acceptable behaviors by their parents. These students undesirable behaviors are a lot a result of negative, unhealthy events that take place in their homes.In the mid-sasss, Ivan Pavlovs experiments discovered the primary process of respondent conditioning (Malingerer, 2008). Respondent conditioning, also known as classical conditioning, pairs a excitant and response that occurs naturally with a nonher stimulus to elic it a response that does not occur naturally. This theory is demo in the schoolroom when teachers use the statement, give me five. This specific behavior management technique is use to quickly and quietly cue students to way station what they are doing.Students are expected to give the teacher their undivided guardianship while he or she speaks to the class. Teachers who implement this technique have conditioned their students to behave in a specific manner which is unrelated to the familiar meaning of the statement. B. F. skinner is considered to be one of the intimately influential sasss, mule driver expanded the field of behaviorism first developed by Watson by laying out the principles of operant condition which claims that the 9 consequence of a behavior controls the future occurrence of that behavior (?FL alternative, 2008).Skinners work has influenced the field of education, as well as the field of psychology. He believed that positive reinforcement was more effective than punishment when trying to change and establish behaviors. Through his work, Skinner identified five main obstacles to learn. These obstacles are a fear of failure, the business is too long and complicated, the task lacks directions, clarity in the directions is lacking, and there is puny or no positive reinforcement (Frisson, 2008). Skinner also accepted that people can be taught age-appropriate skills using the pursuit techniques.These techniques are vainglorious the learner immediate feedback, breaking tasks down into small steps, repeating the directions as many times as possible, working from the most simple to the most complex tasks, and giving positive reinforcement (Frisson, 2008). Behavior modification is utilize in many welkins to assist in changing peoples problematic behaviors. These behaviors are considered to be socially unacceptable and inappropriate for ones age and/or ability. Additionally, these behaviors are often disruptive to ones life.Malingerer ( 2008) noted that, A wealth of enquiry in behavior modification demonstrates that these 10 behaviors often can be controlled or eliminated with behavioral intervention One field that consistently uses behavior modification is education, e finickyly in the areas of schoolroom management and teaching students with special needs. The field of developmental disabilities has received more behavior modification research than any other area (Malingerer, 2008), as individuals with disabilities often have behavioral deficits that are able to be overcome with the use of behavior edification.Behavior modification continues to map a major role in special education. It is utilize to create effective teaching methods and to control problematic behaviors such as not cot plying with school and/or class rules. It is also utilize to make better inappropriate social behaviors including temper tantrums, interrupting, and difficulty sharing. Furthermore, behavior modification is used to improve func tional skills deficits pertaining to personal hygiene and toileting, promoting self- management, and training teachers (Malingerer, 2008).Statement of the Problem The purpose of my paper was to explore behavior modification by using rewards to uphold positive, observable behavior changes in my students. Teachers have an opportunity to positively impact their students behavior, in addition to their education. I cherished to see if the idea of behavior modification was an effective method for teaching and encouraging students age-appropriate behaviors and social skills.I researched the use of rewards and positive reinforcement with regards to behavior modification by creating a classroom more interacting and participation on the classroom. One aspect of teaching is educators abilities to in effect manage their students behaviors. Many teacher education programs expose preserve teachers to numerous strategies for managing students behaviors because the most challenging aspect of teac hing continues to be Wetted and Mercer (2003), The area of behavior interventions in classrooms receives more attention than many other aspects of schooling (p. 9). This is not surprising as teachers are expected to deal with discipline problems that were once a cause for suspension or expulsion from school since more and more students are being included in public school settings, in part due to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (Quinn et al. , 2001). Another area teachers struggle with is whether or not students should be rewarded for behaviors that are expected of them. round educators believe that it is not their responsibility to provide incentives for students they feel that this is the hypothesize of parents.However, research in the area of behavioral skills training claims that feedback in the form of positive reinforcement is essential to teaching individuals appropriate behaviors and expectations (Malingerer, 2008). Wetted and Mercer (2003) note that, The mo st moot issues in behavior management have been the use of rewards to n- motivate and teach students to follow classroom rules and routines and to complete academic assignments (p. 88).The appropriate use of positive reinforcement and behavior modification are important for success in the classroom, as frequent reprimands, low expectations, and infrequent praise often result in students who exhibit challenging behaviors (Morgan, 2006). Educators can use strong classroom management skills to end, or at the very least avoid, an increase in problematic behaviors. Significant of the study This study focused on the impact of positive reinforcement on their studies allow motivate them to study hard.It is used to create effective teaching methods and to control problematic behaviors such as not cot plying with school and/or class rules. It is also used to improve inappropriate social behaviors including temper tantrums, interrupting, and difficulty sharing. All of only(prenominal) stude nts were classified as having special needs and were placed in my learning resource classroom due to cognitive and/or behavioral deficits that undeniable specialized support from a special education teacher. Many of my students had a difficult time appropriately interacting with adults and peers, especially in the area of manners.These students often required numerous verbal prompts and reminders from adults working with them to use manners. Unfortunately, the previous draw close of verbally prompting my students to use appropriate manners did not have the intended positive effect of improving their social interactions. Scope and limitation This study considered the effect of positive reinforcement on the lassoer setting whom we wanted to see if the idea of behavior modification was an effective method for teaching and encouraging students age-appropriate behaviors and social skills on the particular setting on classroom.Definition of ground Behavior What a person says or does. Cooperative skill. Cooperative Learning is a systematic pedagogical strategy that encourages small groups of students to work unneurotic for the achievement of a common goal. Classroom management- A set of skills essential by a teacher to plan, implement, and maintain a learning environment in which students learn decision- Discussion. -There are a variety of ways to contract discussion.Motivation- A driving force that encourages an action or behavior to occur Positive reinforcement- positive reinforcement involves the addition of a reinforcing stimulus following a behavior that makes it more likely that the behavior will occur again in the future. Reward- Something that is given in return for doing something else. Skills- An ability and readiness acquired through deliberate, systematic, and sustained effort to smoothly and adaptively carryout complex activities or Job functions involving ideas (cognitive kills), things (technical skills), and/or people (interpersonal skills). Teaching strategy- are the methods you use to allow learners to access the breeding you are teaching. This action research project explored the theory of behavior modification through the use of rewards to promote positive behavioral changes in students with special needs. A classroom behavior management plan was created to observe the speciality of positive reinforcement on influencing students behaviors. This chapter presents the research methodologies used in the study.This includes the research design, sources of data, data gathering procedure and the statistical treatment of data. Research program The researchers employed the one group must be experimental without reinforcement while the other group is a controlled group that if there is a motivation using positive reinforcement. By using this design, the researchers were able to determine effects of positive reinforcement regarding on their participation in class. The experimental and controlled group was used as a basis o f comparison of reinforcement. Materials This will be conducted in a classroom setting

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